“Flexible technique” is the literal English translation of an East Asian martial art from known as Jujutsu. This “hybrid” combat form is supposed to have originated from Japan. In addition, in Jujutsu an opponent is overcome without the use of any kind of weapon. Apparently, this martial art form was developed in the Japanese society to counter the growing popularity of the “Samurai”. Furthermore, as of today this combat form is practiced as a traditional as well as a modern sport.
a. History/origin of the Jujutsu:
According to the cultural history of Japan, Jujutsu was first developed in the country during the Sengoku and the Muromachi era. Apparently, it was created using elements belonging to various Japanese close combat forms that were used by soldiers in the battlefield. Furthermore, it was in the 17th century during the Edo era that this combat form actually began to evolve from its original style due to the strict laws that were laid down by Tokugawa Shogunate feudal government. In addition, it was also during this period that the term “jujutsu” was first coined to describe this “grappling” from of martial art. In fact, the evolution of jujutsu as a form of combat was because the Japanese society was highly influenced by the Chinese “Neo-Confucianism” philosophy, and they also wanted to prevent more wars. As a result of which, the use of weapons and armors were shunned and were replaced by combat forms that involved use of “grappling” techniques. Apart from grappling, striking techniques that included “kicking and punching” were also developed. However, the use of striking was limited to as a “tool for distraction” since it was discovered that too much energy was wasted using this technique.
b. Weapon used in the Jujutsu:
External weapons such as swords, knives etc are completely prohibited in Jujutsu, and hence the weapon mainly used in Jujutsu are the “hands and feet” of the fighter.
c. Technique involved in the Jujutsu and training availability:
In terms of technique, Jujutsu is actually based on a philosophy which states that “It is better to yield to the force applied by an opponent rather than resisting it using more force”. Furthermore, moves used in this form of combat are as follows:
- Striking: This includes kicking and punching.
- Throwing: This includes body throws, joint lock throws, and unbalance throws.
- Restraining: This includes pinning, strangling, grappling, and wrestling.
- Defensive Techniques: Such as evading, blocking, off balancing, blending, and escaping are also used.
As for training centers/schools, there are number available around the world for those interested in learning this “hybrid” Japanese form of combat.
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