Also commonly referred to as “folkstyle wrestling” is a North American form of combat known as Collegiate Wrestling. This “grappling” form of fighting style is supposed to have originated from the United States of America. It is said to have developed from “folk wrestling” which has been an integral part of the American society for centuries now. Furthermore, a modified version of this combat form is also practiced at the high school and middle school level which is referred to as “scholastic wrestling”.
a. History/origin of the Collegiate Wrestling:
The origin of this form of combat has its roots deeply embedded during the 15th and 16th century when Europeans first began settle in the United States of America. It was during this period that a variety of wrestling styles were regularly practiced by the “Native Indian Community”. Furthermore, it was during this period that settlers from England began developing a style which was initially similar to Greco-Roman wrestling, which was later modified into a less restrictive form. In addition, migrants belonging to Ireland brought a “collar and elbow” style of wrestling into the country. In this way wrestling gradually began to gain popularity throughout the country during the 18th and 19th centuries. It was eventually during the 20th century in the year 1903 that the first intercollegiate wrestling competition was organized between Yale University and Columbia University. In 1905, the Eastern Intercollegiate Wrestling Association organized a tournament, and it was this competition that led to more and more college, high school, and university students participating in competitive wrestling bouts throughout the country which gradually gave rise to “Collegiate Wrestling”.
b. Weapon used in the Collegiate Wrestling:
The hand of the fighter is mainly used as a weapon in this form of combat since a “grappling” technique is mainly used while wrestling.
c. Technique involved in the Collegiate Wrestling and training availability:
In terms of technique, “grappling” is mainly used by the wrestler to overcome an opponent. In addition, moves such as takedown, pin downs etc are mainly used by the wrestler to overcome an opponent during a bout. As for training centers/schools, there are many available especially in the United States of America for those interested in learning this “grappling” form of physical combat.