“Self Defense without weapons” is the literal translation of a Eurasian combat form known as Sambo. This “eclectic” martial art form is said to have originated from Russia. Apparently, it was developed in the 1920’s by the Soviet Red army with the intention to improve “hand combat” skills. Furthermore, Sambo was developed by Russian martial artists named Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oschepkov. In addition, it was in the year 1938 that this combat form was officially declared a “sport” by the “USSR All Union Sports Committee”.

a. History/origin of Sambo:

According to the cultural history of Russia/Soviet Union, Sambo was created by Russian martial artists named Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oschepkov. Apparently, it was developed so as to improve the “hand combat” techniques used by the Soviet Red Army during the 1920’s. Furthermore, Viktor and Vasili had actually founded two separate combat forms which was eventually fused together to create a martial art form which was called Sambo. In addition, it was using elements belonging to styles such as Judo, Catch wrestling, and Jujutsu that this combat form was established.

b. Weapon used in the Sambo:

The weapon mainly used by a fighter in this combat form is the “hands and legs”.

c. Technique involved in the Sambo and training availability:

In terms of technique, a fighter in Sambo makes use of moves such as leg locks and throwing to overcome an opponent. Furthermore, ground work, submissions, and a variety of grips and holds are also commonly used by the fighter. In addition, a move such as “chokehold” is completely disallowed in this martial art form. As for training centers/schools, there are a few available especially in Russia for those interested in learning this form of combat.


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